Kidney allograft interstitial fibrosis and tubular atrophy (IFTA) due to specific causes:

Bacterial infection/pyelonephritis


  • Muhammed Mubarak



IFTA, Kidney Transplant, acute rejectio, bacterial infection, cyclosporine toxicity


Not applicable 


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Racusen LC, Solez K, Colvin RB, Bonsib SM, Castro MC, Cavallo T, et al. The Banff 97 working classification of renal allograft pathology. Kidney Int. 1999;55(2):713-23.

Maanaoui M, Baes D, Hamroun A, Khedjat K, Vuotto F, Faure E, et al. Association between acute graft pyelonephritis and kidney graft survival: A single-center observational study. Am J Transplant. 2021;21(11):3640-3648.

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Singh R, Geerlings SE, Peters-Sengers H, Idu MM, Hodiamont CJ, Ten Berge IJ, et al. Incidence, risk factors, and the impact of allograft pyelonephritis on renal allograft function. Transpl Infect Dis. 2016;18(5):647-660.

Mathews T, Pushkar D, Kaul A, Bhaduaria D, Prasad N, Patel M, Behera M, Yachha M, Kushwaha R, Srivastava A. Early versus Late acute graft pyelonephritis: A retrospective analysis of graft and patient outcomes. Transpl Immunol. 2022 ;75:101657.